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Expert's Advice

Bad Breath

Bad breath, also called halitosis, is a common condition and sometimes a distressing source of embarrassment. Frequently, people aren’t even aware there’s a problem. While there are many causes for bad breath, it most commonly results from a lack of good oral hygiene.

There are also other medical conditions that can be detected through mouth odor. These include diabetes, gastrointestinal disturbances and liver or kidney ailments.

While breath mints do a good job of temporarily improving bad breath, they generally contain sugar or citric acid and, when allowed to dissolve slowly in the mouth are decay producing, which adds to the problem

Daily brushing and flossing and regular dental checkups and cleanings are the best prevention for bad breath.

List of Services

Dental Exam & X-Ray

A comprehensive dental exam will be performed by Dr. Lotfi at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up exams, your will receive the following:

  • Examination of diagnostic X-Rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss. X-Rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
  • Oral cancer screening: Examination of the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
  • Gum disease evaluation: Examination of the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
  • Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with special dental instruments.
  • Examination of existing restorations: Examination of current fillings, crowns, etc.

Dental Cleaning

  • Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
  • Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease!
  • Teeth polishing: Removal of stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.

Composite Fillings

This is a procedure in which tooth-colored material is applied to the surface of the tooth. Bonding covers discolorations, repairs chips, breaks and cracks, and fills in gaps. A composite resin filling may be used when only a small amount of tooth structure needs replacement. Composite bonding is one of the most conservative, versatile and affordable ways to aesthetically restore a multitude of cosmetic problems. Bonding can replace unattractive metal fillings, repair fractured teeth, or change the color of stained teeth.

Porcelain Veneers

You can have a beautiful, natural smile after just two appointments. One of the most exciting and transforming techniques performed uses porcelain veneers. Your teeth can be as straight as if you had worn braces, shaped perfectly, no more gaps or cracks, and as white as you want. Porcelain veneers are thin coverings that go over the fronts of your teeth. It is the most conservative approach to creating a dazzling, natural, youthful smile. Porcelain veneers give our patients a long lasting solution and are often used instead of braces to achieve a perfect smile. Veneers can last 10-15 years with good care, giving you a beautiful smile for many years. So stop imagining what it would be like to have that perfect smile and call for your consultation today.

Tooth Whitening

This procedure lightens most discolored and stained teeth. A dentist should always supervise this procedure following a proper examination and diagnosis of the discolored teeth. There are two types of tooth whitening. Whitening may be completed in the dental office in one hour, or you can whiten your teeth in your own home, while you sleep. It is that simple. We fabricate a set of personalized trays that fit over your teeth. Each night you place a small amount of the lightening gel in the trays, and wake up with a whiter smile. You may also wear the trays during the day. Often the patients say they barely know they are wearing them. Over the counter, home bleaching products can damage your gums and bleach unevenly.
for you.

Partial Restoration & Dentures

A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. Two types of dentures are available - complete and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when all the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants. If you like to learn more about this procedure, please schedule a consultation appointment with Dr. Lotfi.

Root Canal Therapy

This procedure safely and effectively saves a tooth by cleaning the nerve of the affected tooth. Sometimes a fracture or a deep cavity can damage the nerve of the tooth, resulting in an infection. The infection can lead to an abscess at the tip of the root. Root canal therapy removes the diseased nerve, cleans the canals and seals them to prevent further contamination. This procedure is painless.

Periodontal Treatment

Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth; also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages. Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • New spacing between teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Pus around the teeth and gums
  • Receding gums
  • Red and puffy gums
  • Tenderness or discomfort

There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments the periodontist may choose to perform, depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.

Scaling and Root Planing

Antibiotic Treatment

Crown Lengthening

Gum Corrective Treatment


Extractions are often categorized as "simple" or "surgical".

Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic, and require only the use of instruments to elevate and/or grasp the visible portion of the tooth.

Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. Surgical extractions almost always require an incision. In a surgical extraction the doctor may elevate the soft tissues covering the tooth and bone and may also remove some of the overlying and/or surrounding bone tissue with a drill or osteotome. Frequently, the tooth may be split into multiple pieces to facilitate its removal.

Bone Grafting

Crown Lengthening